Response and Recovery
The National Response Framework is an integral part of the National Strategy for Homeland Security that serves to guide, organize, and unify our Nation's homeland security efforts.
The response refers to those capabilities necessary to save lives, protect property and the environment, and meet basic human needs after an incident (accidents, natural disasters, terrorist attacks) has occurred.
As the incidents are dynamic phenomenon it can be changed in size, scope, and complexity, therefore the response must be flexible and have to be adequate to meet requirements. The effective response supposes the following preparedness activities for responding to an incident: analyze, plan, organize, equip, train, exercise, and evaluate for improving.
The recovery refers to those capabilities necessary to assist communities affected by an incident to recover effectively, including, but not limited to, rebuilding infrastructure systems; providing adequate interim and long-term housing for survivors; restoring health, social, and community services; promoting economic development; and restoring natural and cultural resources.
Once response phase finalized i.e. the immediate lifesaving activities are complete, the priorities shift to recovery phase i.e. to assisting individuals, households, businesses, and communities critical infrastructures achieving functionality and self-sufficiency of the communities.
Recovery measurements after an incident is unique to each community and depends on the scales, kind of damages caused by the incident and the federal, state and local resources that can be provided in the short-term and long-term.