Prevention & Protection
The prevention as an integral part of the preparedness refers to those capabilities necessary to avoid, prevent, or stop a threatened or actual act of terrorism. Prevention capabilities include, but are not limited to, information sharing and warning; domestic counterterrorism; and preventing the acquisition or use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
Preventing disasters in the first place basically means better understanding how such disasters occur, then where it’s possible preventing disasters from happening and where it’s inevitable to minimize their impacts.
Today's society becomes ever more rapidly vulnerable to natural or man-made disasters caused by significant demographic changes, irrepressible technological developments, dramatic global climate changes and terrorism. Combined with increasing uncertainty of disaster risks we are pressing to reevaluate our existing disaster prevention policies and strategies, and developing a comprehensive and integrated approach to disaster prevention at national level.
NATSP’s activities for strengthening prevention focused at the following elements;
Supporting further development of prevention knowledge and technology
through research and development programs
Comprehensive vulnerability analysis and assessments
Risk assessment and hazard mapping, delineate vulnerable areas
Research on the development of early warning systems
Conduct research and develop mechanisms to promote voluntary disaster prevention activities by community members
Encourage formation of voluntary disaster prevention organizations
The term "protection" refers to those capabilities necessary to secure the homeland against acts of terrorism and manmade or natural disasters. Protection capabilities include, but are not limited to, defense against WMD threats; defense of agriculture and food; critical infrastructure protection; protection of key leadership and events; border security; maritime security; transportation security; immigration security; and cybersecurity.
Since the end of the Cold War, the focus of civil defense has largely shifted from military attack to civil protection in the event of a terrorist attack, natural disaster or other large-scale emergency. Despite our national civil protection system has remarkable achievements in implementing a comprehensive approach to civil protection, the modern challenges of national civil protection require new thinking and expanded understanding of what may create a disaster and thus to develop new sophisticated approaches for strengthening our civil protection measures.
NATSP’s protection activities comprise and focused at the following tasks;
the federal and local authorities in carrying out their tasks in special
issues related to the protection against CBRN hazards and natural disaster
v Promoting coherent approach for the health protection of the population at large-
v Developing educational programs for medical response of radiological and nuclear
emergencies and organizing specialized training for first responders, emergency
personnel, clinicians, and all healthcare providers
v Risk assessment and evaluation of CBRN dangers for purposes of medical civil
v Developing structures to provide and exchange information, and to build up networks
v Information and training of populations, aiming at raising awareness for self-
v Develop technology and methodology for organizing volunteer groups by community
members at the disasters with the primary mission of building more resilient