The term "mitigation" refers to those capabilities necessary to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters. Mitigation capabilities include, but are not limited to, community-wide risk reduction projects; efforts to improve the resilience of critical infrastructure and key resource lifelines; risk reduction for specific vulnerabilities from natural hazards or acts of terrorism; and initiatives to reduce future risks after a disaster has occurred.
The Hazard Mitigation Plan provides short-term and long-term strategies for implementing hazard mitigation measures to lessen or reduce the losses of life, injuries, property, cultural heritage, critical infrastructure and environment resulting from natural and human-made hazards.
The comprehensive and sophisticated Hazard Mitigation Planning comprises the objectives, Risk assessment, Vulnerability analysis, Developing mitigation strategies and Realization of developed short-term and long-term strategies.
The significant factor for successful Hazard Mitigation measures is the public education that provides community members by fundamental knowledge and skills. As the needs are different from community to community the disaster mitigation education has different purposes and goals depending on geographic area, demographic situation etc.
One of the main purposes of disaster mitigation education is to encourage people to shoulder some responsibility for protecting themselves, their families and assets from the coming disasters.
The NATSP’s mitigation activity focused on;
· Risk assessment, modeling, simulation, visualization
· Vulnerability analysis, modeling, simulation, visualization
· Developing mitigation education program for communities
· Direct assistance to communities for implementing mitigation plans